These demands were developed at the All-Russian Muslim Congress in 1917, where various alternatives to complete centralisation of power – namely, Muslim socialism, pan-Turkic and pan-Islamic unions – were discussed. The congress resulted not only in the consolidation of full equality of rights for women, but also in a union between federalist autonomy for the people of the “borderlands”, among them Crimean Tatars and unitarist national and cultural autonomy for peoples “within the empire”, whose full autonomy was impossible.

See the whole category:

Strategies of self-governance.