Autumn 1917 in Crimea marked the convention of the first Qurultay. The Qurultay is the highest representative body of the Crimean Tatar people, a democratic apparatus for key decision-making, independent from state power. The first Qurultay of 1917 consolidated the full equality of rights for women, freedom of speech and freedom of gathering. The second Qurultay of 1991 has affirmed the unique rights of Crimean Tatars, as the indigenous people of Crimea, to the soil and natural resources of the peninsula, in order to stop the ecological damage done to it.
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