The return to Crimea was a key event for the unification of the Crimean Tatar people, dispersed through deportation across different republics of the Soviet Union. A common goal allowed them to look into the future with hope and exist in it, when it became reality. The return to Crimea was made possible thanks to the joint efforts of the Crimean Tatar people against Soviet repressions and to the subsequent unified Crimean Tatar movement. Amid the uncertainty and political regime change of the early 1990s, entire collective farms and large families migrated together. For those arriving in Crimea, movement leaders organised a camp in Simferopol. Unable to find opportunities to buy land (it was either proclaimed not for sale or priced deliberately highly, while many had very little money), Crimean Tatars enacted reclaiming of unoccupied lands. From 1987 till 1993, 259000 Crimean Tatars have returned to Crimea.
The fight against the Soviet regime for the right of return has taken, among others, the form of the most large-scale protest undertaken on the Red Square in the entire history of the Soviet Union (three demonstrations took place: the first numbered around 120 people, the second number around 600 people and took the form of a sit-in lasting several hours and the third, also taking the form of a sit-in, lasted twenty-seven hours and numbered 800 people) . It took place in 1987, with activists carrying banners, among them the “Homeland or Death” poster by Bekir Umerov. This protest, among others, has forced the Soviet government to accept, in 1989, a declaration, acknowledging the repressive acts “against peoples subjected to forced relocation” to be illegal and criminal, which granted the Crimean Tataras the possibility to return to their homeland (link to section “protests”)


Land reclamations have permitted Crimean Tatars to continue existing on a peninsula, occupied by colonisers – a large part of the Slavic population of Crimea has been relocated at state costs after the deportation of the Crimean Tatars.